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Passive Aggression Scale

Have you ever wondered whether you have passive-aggressive tendencies? The Passive Aggression Scale, developed by psychologists Young-Ok Lim and Kyung-Hyun Suh, can help you find out.

Mark Travers, Ph.D.

By Mark Travers, Ph.D. | August 22, 2023

Passive aggression is a nuanced trait that can be summarized as exhibiting indirect expression of hostility or negative feelings towards others.

It can manifest in various ways, such as procrastination, deliberate mistakes, sullenness, or silent treatment.

Historically, passive-aggressive behavior has been difficult to quantify due to its covert nature and a lack of standardized measurement tools. However, a recent paper published by psychologists Young-Ok Lim and Kyung-Hyun Suh of Sahmyook University in Korea, titled "Development and Validation of a Measure of Passive Aggression Traits: The Passive Aggression Scale (PAS)," bridges this gap. 

The introduction of the PAS represents an advancement in psychological research, equipping clinicians and researchers with a robust tool to understand and assess passive aggression.

You can take this test here. Please follow all of the steps to receive your results.

Step 1: Rate the following statements based on how much you agree with them on a scale of not at all true to always true.

Step 2: Enter your age, gender, region, and first name so we can provide you with a detailed report that compares your test scores to people similar to you.

Step 3: Check to make sure you've provided answers to all of the statements/questions above. Once you've done that, click the button below to send your responses to Awake Therapy's Lead Psychologist, Mark Travers, Ph.D. He will provide you with an overview of how you scored relative to others (all answers are anonymized and confidential to protect users' privacy). He can also answer any follow-up questions you may have.

References: Lim, Y. O., & Suh, K. H. (2022). Development and validation of a measure of passive aggression traits: the Passive Aggression Scale (PAS). Behavioral Sciences, 12(8), 273.